John Goss was First Lieutenant in Captain Reuben Dow's Company of Militia Men from Hollis.

He left a young wife and their three-month-old son when, beginning 19 April 1775 he, with this company, marched 42 miles to answer the call from Lexington and Concord. Reuben Dow, the Captain, was another farmer-neighbor of John Goss. Both men remained at Cambridge where John re-enlisted for eight months in a new company under Captain Dow when 39 of the original company returned to Hollis and the remaining 53 re-enlisted. The new company was mustered into the Massachusetts Regiment of Colonel William Prescott, the only company of Prescott's regiment in which all officers and privates were from one and the same town, Hollis, New Hampshire [west of Nashua]. They fought with Prescott through the Battle of Bunker Hill. On 20 November 1775 Lieutenant John Goss signed the receipt for 47 (winter) coats for the men in his company.

   John was listed as Captain John Goss, his name appearing on a 1775 list of commissioned officers prepared by Colonel Samuel Hobart of the New Hampshire Minute Men and Paymaster of the New Hampshire troops that year. By 1777 John was Captain of the 6th Company of Colonel Nichols' Regiment which left Hollis on July 20th to participate in the Battle of Bennington on August 16th. He had 42 men under his command, exclusive of officers. On his return from Bennington he was chosen by the town to be a member of the committee appointed by the Committee of Safety to prepare the "Great Return" (list) for wages to be paid to Hollis militia men in service at the Battle of Bennington. In 1779 he was chosen at a special Town Meeting held on October 21st to be a member of Hollis's Committee of Correspondence.

   Alphabetical List of Officers of the Continental Army
   Fifteenth Virginia
   page 254

   Goss, John (Mass). Lieutenant New Hampshire Minute Men in the Lexington Alarm, April, 1775; 1st Lieutenant of Prescott's Massachusetts Regiment, May, 1775; Surgeon 5th Continental Infantry, 1st January to 31st December, 1776.